Causes, symptoms, and home remedies of Neurodermatitis
In recent decades, its frequency continues to increase. The incidence of this disease in patients of all ages applying for outpatient dermatology is about 30% and those who are hospitalized in dermatological hospitals – up to 70%. The disease has a chronic course, often recurring, is one of the main causes of temporary disability, and can cause disability in patients. So today we will discuss neurodermatitis.
Allergies are a very common problem. And the last place in such violations is not occupied by neurodermatitis. Such diseases are more prone to children, although the development of such allergic reactions is not excluded even in adults.
What is neurodermatitis?
Naturally many people wonder why neurodermatitis occurs, the symptoms and treatment, pictures of the damaged skin area, and so on. In fact, like any other allergic reaction, this disease is related to an inadequate response of the immune system to certain substances.
In addition, in this case, the state of the nervous system is of great importance, because stress, strong negative emotions, emotional and physical overstrain can trigger the onset of an allergic reaction. Risk factors include digestive diseases, malnutrition, toxins entering the body.
So what is an alarm? Symptoms of neurodermatitis can occur when insect exchange products from plants (including dust mites), arising from animal hair or pollen. An allergic reaction to certain medications, perfumes, household chemicals, or cosmetics may occur.
Causes of neurodermatitis
It is a multifactorial, chronic, recurrent inflammatory disease, which develops most functional disorders of the nervous system, immune diseases, and allergic reactions, as well as genetic predisposition.
The cause of neurodermatitis is not specifically established. According to modern concepts, it is a genetically determined disease that is multiple inheritors of the susceptibility to allergic reactions. The significance of genetic factors is confirmed by the high incidence of the disease in close relatives and in monozygous pairs. According to immunogenetic studies, allergic dermatosis is significantly associated with HLA B-12 and DR4.
The expression of the genetic prognosis of allergies is determined by the various influences of the external environment – the causes of onset. Allocating food, breathing, external stimuli, psycho-emotional and other factors. Contact with these factors can occur both in everyday life and in production conditions (professional reasons).
Consumption of food (milk, eggs, pork, poultry, poultry, honey, sweets, berries and fruits, alcohol, spices, seasonings, etc.) enhances skin processes. More than 90% of children and 70% of adults have this disease. As a rule, multivalent sensitivity is available. In children, there is a seasonal increase in food sensitivity. With age, the role of respiratory allergies in the development of dermatitis becomes more focused: house dust, wool, cotton, feathers, mold, perfume, dye, as well as wool, fur, synthetic and other fabrics. Adverse weather conditions are worse during pathological conditions.
Psycho-stress contributes to the stimulation of allergic dermatosis in about one-third of patients. Other factors include a chronic infection of the sap organs, digestive and urogenital spheres, and bacterial colonization of the skin. Endocrine changes(pregnancy, menstrual cycle), drugs (antibiotics), vaccines, and others are noted. Significant to them. Activation of these foci often leads to stimulation of the underlying disease.
The main cause of asthma as well as neurodermatitis is the poor function of the anterior, central, and vegetative nervous systems. On the basis of immune disease and the binding of T-lymphocytes, especially T-suppressors B lymphocyte Igé E to the development of blood basophils and mast cells that cause histamine-producing GNT is reduced the amount of effective activity to control antibody synthesis.
Nervous system disorders are represented by neuropsychiatric (depression, mental capacity, aggression) and vegetative-infectious diseases (skin rashes and dryness). In addition, allergic dermatosis is combined with pronounced white dermographism.
The impaired microvascular tone is associated with changes in the rheological properties of the skin, which disrupt the structure and barrier function of the skin and respiratory membranes and increase their permeability to antigens of various natures and contribute to the development of infectious complications. Immune diseases cause multifaceted sensitivity, which is the basis of ATP (strange disease) which means the body’s sensitivity to various stimuli. Therefore, these patients often have a combination of neurodermatitis with other colonies, mainly respiratory, diseases: vasomotor rhinitis, bronchial asthma, hay fever, migraine, etc.
Symptoms of Neurodermatitis
The symptoms of this disease can be varied. Naturally, the most common symptom is a rash. Depending on the size of the disease, there may be a clear localization of the rash, and reddish pale plaques may appear. In some cases, the rash covers a fairly large area of skin.
Acute convulsions and burning are also symptoms of neurodermatitis. It is interesting that the discomfort in the evening is intense, and this causes problems with sleep. With this, there are some deviations in the functioning of the nervous system: patients complain of constant fatigue and boredom, which are replaced by apathy, the patient tends to lose weight. In some cases, the disease is transmitted with inflammation of the lymph nodes.
This disease can be dangerous, especially in childhood. After all, falsification and skin irritations create excellent conditions for bacterial activity. In addition, the skin often remains rough and even scars in the absence of treatment.
How is Neurodermatitis treated?
With such complaints, you should immediately consult a dermatologist, only a specialist can correctly diagnose the disease. Neurodermatitis requires a thorough, integrated approach. Naturally, first define all antihistamines, which prevent further development of allergic reactions. Also used anti-inflammatory filth and gel that eliminates itching and flaking, especially in severe cases, requires hormone therapy. Creating the best conditions for life is crucial, which includes rest, proper and balanced nutrition, normal rest and work, full sleep, walking. Some experts recommend adding a decoction of oak bark, chamomile, or string to the bathwater.
Complexity and consequences
Neurodermatitis is complicated by recurrent bacterial, viral, and fungal infections, especially in people who use hormonal peppers for long periods of time. Bacterial complications include folliculitis, furunculosis, impetigo, and hidradenitis. The causative agent of these complications is usually Staphylococcus aureus, less commonly, White Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus, the source of which is the focus of chronic infections. Developments of complications include cold, fever, sweating, increased redness, and itching. Peripheral lymph nodes dilated, painless.
One of the most serious complications with this disease is herpetic eczema of Kaposi, in which the mortality rate varies from 1.6% to 30%. This is because the agent is the herpes simplex virus, mainly type 1, which causes ulcers of the upper respiratory tract and the skin around the nose and mouth. Less common is the second type of virus, which affects the skin of the mucous membranes and genitals. The disease begins rapidly after 5-7 days of contact with a patient with herpes simplex and results in weakness, motility, persistence, etc. at 40 degrees C. After 1-3 days, the rash is small in size, up to the size of limestone, bubbles filled with serosa, often hemorrhagic components appear.
Subsequently, the vesicles turn into pustules and acquire a normal appearance with a suspended depression in the center. In the process of evolution of the elements, bleeding erosion is formed, the surface of which is covered with hemorrhagic crusts. The patient’s face acquires a “mask-like” appearance. Respiratory tract lesions increase according to the type of aphthous stomatitis, conjunctivitis, keratoconjunctivitis.
Kaposi fat can be complicated by the development of streptococci and staphyloma, pneumonia, otitis media, sepsis. After 10–14 days the rash begins to return, and in their place are small dorsal scars.
Fungal complications include candidal cheilitis, anesthesia, and paronychia. Rarely, atopic dermatitis is complicated by the atopic matrix which does not occur in more than 1% of patients (Andgah syndrome).
Treatment of Neurodermatitis
It is difficult to name the disease resistance, of which the correct and patient application of all preventive and therapeutic recommendations will be more important than neurodermatitis. In addition, it should be emphasized that his treatment should not be expected (“will pass with age”) and masking (appointment of antihistamines and hormonal potash only).
Patients with severe forms of allergic dermatosis were shown selective phototherapy (PUVA therapy), hyperbaric oxygenation, and ultraviolet blood radiation. Spa treatments. Patients were shown South Coastal Resort, Matesesta, and other sulfide applications and bath heliotherapy.
Home remedies for Neurodermatitis
Although the so-called treatment of such diseases works well, there are some home remedies that are quite effective in reducing the incidence of dermatitis. Let’s find out about all those home remedies.
You can apply hydrocortisone cream in consultation with your doctor. This cream works great in this disease.
Foods rich in vitamin-E such as sunflower seeds, corn, etc. should be eaten. If necessary, you can also apply the oil that contains this vitamin.
Heat with a little coconut oil. Then cool it lightly and apply it to the affected area of the skin. If this can be done every day, then the disease will be reduced a lot. Because coconut oil has antibacterial properties, which helps reduce the incidence of the disease by reducing the dryness and redness of the skin.
Aloe vera gel works great to reduce the incidence of diseases from inside and outside the body. Apply it daily on the affected area of the skin as well. You will see that the disease will gradually decrease.
Apple Cider Vinegar
Mix one teaspoon of vinegar with one teaspoon of water and apply it to the skin. If you do this for a month, you will see that the disease has started to heal.
Take a cotton cloth. Then dip it in hot chamomile tea and leave it on the affected area for 15 minutes to get relief. However, if you have an allergy to chamomile, do not do it at all!
Take a bath
Take a bath with the same amount of baking soda in the bathwater. Doing so will reduce the itching of the skin.
Keep the skin wet
Always apply moisturizer on the skin. Doing so will reduce the dryness of the skin. With that, the suffering will also decrease.