Coronavirus(COVID-19): Symptoms, Prevention, Treatment, Do’s & Don’ts.

Coronavirus: What You Should Know

Coronavirus(Covid-19) was first reported in December 2019 in Wuhan, Hubei, China. The World Health Organization(WHO) recognized the outbreak as a global epidemic on March 11, 2020. Covid-19 is a new disease that can damage your lungs and airways. Moreover, the sickness is brought about by an infection called COVID.

Coronavirus has a large family. Some cause disease in humans, while others are responsible for diseases in animals such as cats and dogs. If the coronavirus is caught in animals, it can spread from infected animals to humans. That type of coronavirus is called COVID-19. MERS and SARS are two types of coronaviruses that have previously spread from animals to humans.

Common symptoms of this infection include respiratory problems such as respiratory disease, fever, cough, and shortness of breath. High levels of infection can lead to pneumonia, severe acute receptive syndrome, kidney failure, and even death.

To avoid infection, it is recommended to wash your hands regularly with soap/alcohol, hand sanitizer, cover nose and mouth during sneezing or coughing, boil eggs and meat for a long time, and avoid contact with respiratory symptoms such as sneezing or coughing.

How does the coronavirus spread?

Initially, the virus was transmitted only by live animals. But now the virus is spreading from one person to another. It is important to remember that the virus spreads more rapidly from person to person. The virus that is responsible for corona is spreading easily and strongly from one person to another in the infected area. The virus spreads very easily from one person living in the affected area to another.

Covid-19 infection

A person infected with corona actively spreads the disease among others. For this reason, experts recommend that the sick patient be kept completely out of contact with healthy people in the hospital or at home until they recover and are free from the risk of spreading the virus to others.

  • In fact in close contact with someone infected. The coronavirus, like other infectious diseases, spreads from person to person. This can actually happen in close contact with an infected person.
  • Touching or coming in contact with an infected place or object. If a person touches or comes in contact with a place or object that has the virus and then touches his face, nose, or eyes, he is more likely to be infected with Covid-19.
  • From the fluid excreted from the cough or sneezing of an infected person. The coronavirus, like other infectious diseases, spreads from person to person. It can actually be caused by contact with fluid from an infected person’s cough or sneezing.

Signs/symptoms of Covid-19

In order to understand whether Covid-19 has occurred, the symptoms of fever, fatigue, and dry cough should be taken into consideration. Some patients may experience body aches, respiratory infections, colds, sore throats, and diarrhea. These symptoms start mildly at first and then gradually increase. It is also seen that these symptoms may appear 2 to 14 days after infection.

High fever – You can feel the heat only by touching the chest and back (no need to measure with a thermometer). It is normal to feel this fever within 2 to 10 days. The feeling of fever is one of the various symptoms of Covid-19.

Coughing all the time – coughing many times for more than an hour, even coughing all day and night. If someone already has a cough, then the level of that cough will increase in a worse way.

Shortness of breath
Difficulty breathing – 1 out of 6 people infected with Covid-19 disease becomes very ill very quickly and suffers from shortness of breath.

  • Note: Stay at home and seek medical help. Considering the above, if you think you are suffering from Covid-19 disease and you are feeling feverish, coughing, shortness of breath, call a health worker immediately to get health care.
Can a person infected with the coronavirus easily spread the disease to another person?

The virus that is responsible for corona is spreading from person to person. A person infected with corona actively spreads the disease among others. For this reason, experts recommend that the sick patient be kept completely out of contact with healthy people in the hospital or at home until they recover and are free from the risk of spreading the virus to others.

According to experts, a patient is released from complete isolation when :

  • The patient’s body gets better without any medicine.
  • The patient did not show any symptoms of the virus or cough.
  • If the patient passes two coronavirus tests in a row within 24 hours.

Prevention and counseling

So far no vaccine has been developed that can prevent coronavirus disease. The best way to prevent this disease is not to be infected with this virus. We should be aware of the latest data on the Covid-19 outbreak published by the World Health Organization and local public health authorities.

Many countries around the world have seen coronavirus infections and epidemics. The governments of China and some other countries have been able to control and stop this epidemic. But the situation is still uncertain, so regular news should be kept.

However, you can reduce the chances of yourself being infected with the coronavirus and spreading it by taking a few simple steps.

1. Wash your hands frequently
Wash your hands regularly for 20 seconds with soap and water or an alcoholic handrail.

2. Maintain social distance
If someone is coughing or sneezing, keep a minimum distance of 1 meter (3 feet) from them. Remember that the closer you are, the more likely you are to be infected.

3. Refrain from touching your own face
Because our hands touch a lot of things, there is a possibility of virus infection. So the virus from the hand can get into your eyes, nose, or mouth and make you sick.

4. Adhere to respiratory hygiene rules
Maintain good breathing hygiene such as covering the mouth and nose tissues or the folds of the elbows when sneezing or coughing.

Take the following steps to save others:

1. Stay home if you are sick – Stay home without going out for treatment if you are sick.
2. Cover your nose and mouth – Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when sneezing/coughing (dispose of used tissue in a covered garbage can). If there is no tissue, cover the nose and mouth on the opposite side of your elbow.
3. Wear a face mask if you are sick – If you are sick, wear a mask in a place where you will come in contact with other people (in a house or vehicle where other people are staying) and before entering the hospital.
4. Clean and disinfect frequently touched places and objects daily – Frequently touched places and objects such as mobile phones, tablet computers, light switches, table tops, handles of various objects, desks, toilets, water taps, and basins, etc. Clean and disinfect every day.
5. Frequently clean dirty areas with disinfectant – Clean frequently dirty areas with detergent or soap and water and use disinfectant.
6. Be aware of the Covid-19 situation in your area – Collect the latest information about the Covid-19 situation in your area from a public health worker.
7. Specific Polythene Garbage Baskets – Specify polythene waste bins for sick people if possible. Use gloves when removing and disposing of dirt.

Treatment of coronavirus

So far there are no anti-viral drugs to prevent and treat Covid-19. Even then, a person infected with Covid-19 should seek medical attention. Serious patients may need to be hospitalized. Most patients recover with proper treatment and care.

Antibiotics do not help in this case, as they cannot work against the virus. Current medicine seeks to alleviate the symptoms of the disease when the patient’s body’s immune system fights the virus. The patient should be kept in isolation, away from others until he recovers.

Own protection

If your symptoms are mild, it is important to stay home until you are well. Your symptoms will be relieved if you:

  • Take enough rest
  • Stay warm
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Rinse with hot water and gargle for sore throat

So if you have a fever, cough, and breathing problems, seek medical help immediately. Contact your doctor in advance if necessary and let the doctor know if you have recently been out of the country or have come in contact with anyone who has been out of the country.

Do’s and don’ts

Ensure your own safety

The best thing to do at this time is to bring daily tasks under control. Take some urgent steps for your own safety. Regular hand washing, refraining from approaching anyone, sneezing covered with a handkerchief or elbow if coughing or sneezing, keeping the house clean. The best way to protect yourself from this virus is to stay indoors.


  • Drink more water
  • Use a face mask
  • Wash your hands frequently


  • Close interaction
  • Frequently touching the face
  • Gathering in one place


Also read: 10 Best Ways To Keep Your Liver Healthy. Symptoms of Liver Disease.

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